Work and disability interact in complex, sometimes counter-intuitive ways. Our research explores how reform is affecting employment outcomes for people with disabilities.
Before the Affordable Care Act (ACA), many people with disabilities were required to live in poverty to maintain their Medicaid eligibility. With Medicaid expansion, they can enter the workforce, increase earnings, and maintain coverage. This study confirmed that people with disabilities were more likely to be employed in the Medicaid expansion states compared with those in non-expansion states (38% vs 32%).